Biographic Outline: Anna Wallace Suhr

Note: This page is retained for historical purposes only. The text below is the result of an early line of research. The time line from 1898 through 1930 is incorrect. I've since discovered that some of my research sources were unintentionally wrong or misleading. The corrected biography can be found here.

b. 1898, d. 1969?, American, Methodist missionary, teacher, radio announcer/propagandist
aka: Ann Wallis Suh

Born Anna Wallace in Arkansas, 1898, to Thomas and Mary Wallace. Thomas was born in Scotland, 1851, and immigrated to the US in 1870. Mary was born in the Indian Territory (later Oklahoma), 1865. Thomas, Mary, Anna, and a brother relocated to Wapanucka, Brogdon Township, Johnston County, Oklahoma in the 1900's. Like much of southern Oklahoma, Johnston County voters polled over 30% for the Oklahoma Socialist Party during the 1910's, until restrictive voter registration laws guted its base of support in 1920.[23] It's possible that Anna was at least somewhat familiar with socialist doctrine, which might explain choices which lead to her later notoriety. By the 1920 Census, Anna was 22 and listed as divorced. Her occupation is somewhat illegible on the census form, my best guess being confectionary sales [62].

Anna's whereabouts and activities during the 1920's are a blank a the moment.

She travelled to Korea in 1930 as a Methodist missionary and school teacher, continuing that work until 1938. In a move that may have reflected increasing Japanese pressure against foreign missionaries in Korea during the 30's [39], Anna joined the staff of the Shanghai American School (SAS). There she met Mr. Suhr [Hangul: 서, Hanja: 西, 徐, Romanized: Seo, So, Suh, or Suhr], who was hired to teach Korean and assist in school administration. She was dropped from the rolls of the missionary service after they married. She developed an interest in Korean politics, taking up her husband's leftist views [9][3]. A number of American and European women on the faculty were married to Asian men. The cosmopolitan Shanghai International Settlement and French Concession was likely a more accepting environment for the Suhrs than homogeneous Korea would later prove to be [29]. She returned to the US for a short visit in 1939.

Americans in Shanghai began to depart that same year, slowly as tensions rose in the environs of the city, then en masse shortly before the US and Japan officially went to war. The school remained open through the first half of 1943, until the remaining foreign staff (and library books) were forced into the Chapei Civilian Relocation Center, a short distance away in the northern suburbs [13]. This internment camp, one of several in and around Shanghai, occupied a three story dormintory on the grounds of Great China University (Tahsia/Daxia daxue, now East China Normal Univesity), most of which was damaged or destroyed during the 1937 Japanese incursion into the Shanghai suburbs. Whether as a part of the skeleton staff or on her own, Anna also entered the Chapei center at this time, while her husband likely remained free as a colonial subject of Japan. Supplies with which to maintain the internees grew short towards the end of the war, and a number of women married to citizens of Axis powers or neutral countries were released in late 1944. Some feel that Anna was among these [54].

After Anna's release from detention at the end of the war [41], she joined the staff of the reconstituted SAS for the 1945-46 school year [13]. She then returned to Korea, where she tutored the children at the US Diplomatic Mission School in Seoul until the North Korean invasion in June, 1950 [18][19][20].

The North Korean Army occupied Seoul three days after the start of hostilities. The speed of the advance caught the majority of residents by surprise and unprepared to evacuate, in part due to ROK radio propaganda rather at odds with the actual situation [1]. Anna and her husband remained as well. During a July meeting in Seoul that included 48 members of the ROK National Assembly, the couple pledged their loyalty to the North Korean regime [3].

Under Dr. Lee Soo, an English instructor from Seoul University, Anna began announcing for North Korean "Radio Seoul" from the former ROK KBS studios, and was first heard as early as July 18th, reporting on which families wouldn't be seeing their men based on identification recovered from (usually) dead soldiers [20][49]. The G.I.s gave her various nicknames, including Rice Ball/Bowl Maggie, Rice Ball Kate, and Seoul City Sue [5][7]. The later name stuck, derived from "Sioux City Sue", the title of a popular song by Zeke Manners from 1946 [11][14]. Through the rest of the summer of 1950 she would - among other things - periodically announce the names of US airmen who had been shot down and captured, threaten new units arriving in country, or welcome warships by name as they arrived on station [8][22][48][63].

Radio Seoul went off the air at the start of a "Sue" program during an August 13th air strike on communications and transportation facilities in the city. The station came back on the air a week or two later [15]. To the best of Dr. Lee's knowledge, the Suhrs were evacuated north after the Inchon landings [20]. UN POWs at Camp 12 near Pyongyang were indoctrinated by Mr. & Mrs. Suhr in Feb, '51, afterwhich the POWs were directed to continue indoctrinating each other, with Korean supervision [9].

Some time after the war, she was put in charge of all English publications for the Korean Central News Agency. She appeared in a photo for a 1962 propaganda pamphlet called "I Am A Lucky Boy", dining with Larry Allen Abshier, a US Army deserter and defector. Fellow defector Charles Robert Jenkins met her briefly in 1965 at the "foreigners only" section of the No. 2 Department Store in Pyongyang. In 1972, Jenkins was told she had been shot as a South Korean double agent in 1969 [64].


Comments:
The narrative above is based on my reading thus far. The results of my initial night of research can be found at Wikipedia, which gave body to what was an empty link from another Wikipedia Korea reference. I'd like to bring considerably more rigor and depth to the article, hence this page, which is a work in progress. I'll concede that my initial curiousity was a result of my wife and I overdosing on "M*A*S*H" reruns during 2006. I was well aware of such WW II personalities as Axis Sally, Lord Haw Haw, and Tokyo Rose, as well as Vietnam's Hanoi Hannah. Upon finding that Seoul City Sue was a real person, not just TV fiction, I wanted to know "the rest of the story." It may be that someone - even Paul Harvey - has already covered her life, but until I find a book or paper that will satisfy my curiousity (and that I can briefly cite in Wikipedia) I'll keep picking at this...


To Be Cited:

[1] An, Hong, transcribed interview, http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/coldwar/interviews/episode-5/hong1.html, National Security Archive at George Washington University. This is one of several first hand accounts I've read regarding the disconnect between ROK radio reports and reality in the first days of the NK invasion.

[2] Broadcast recording, http://www.lib.utulsa.edu/speccoll/collections/kvoo/index.htm ... a recording of Seoul City Sue broadcast. Would be neat if I could hire a student to dub a copy. Recordings of broadcasts weren't subject to copyright in the US until the late '60's. However, according the the Library Of Congress, this is a grey area (512kB PDF), so I'll need to contact KVOO's parent, Journal Broadcast Group for permission to sample around 30 seconds for public dissemmination.

[3] Edwards, Paul M., To acknowledge a war, ISBN: 0313310211 page 79
"remained in seoul to pledge loyalty to north. husband held leftist views which she adopted." At meeting with 48 members of national assembly, end of july, '50.UH-Manoa Hamilton Library, DS918 .E39 2000. Follow up: At the suggestion of an Army historian, I read the book's "Sue" citation during a library visit in New York City, of all places. Unfortunately, there are no footnotes, rendering the bibliography less useful than it could be. Subsequently, Dr. Edwards responsded to my query, sharing the following sources: [...] the Psy War collection at the Center for the Study of the Korean War that mentioned her name. [...] Time Magazine August 21, 1950, vol. LVI and New York Times, August 16, and 21, 1950. Now, if I could only find what their sources were!

[4] EUSAK WD, Aug 50 Summ, p. 52: 1st Cav Div Arty WD, 21 Aug 50; New York Herald Tribune, August 18, 1950 New York Times, August 16 and 21, 1950. Seoul City Sue began to make propaganda broadcasts at this time. Members of the 588th Military Police Company first heard her about 10 August. http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/books/korea/20-2-1/sn19.htm

[5] 83-1: Executive Sessions of The Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of The Committee on Government Operations, Volume 3 Pfc Martin. We used to call her Rice Ball Maggie

[6] http://genforum.genealogy.com/wallis/messages/240.html
I have a fellow from Iowa trying to research Ann Wallis (Seoul City Sue, during early days of Korean War). She was a missionary to Korea from 1930-38, then married a Korean National, and took up local politics in what became N. Korea. He has traced her up to 1951, but is lost at this point. He has contacted various governments, churches, etc., but no luck. if you run across anything, please rsvp me. Thanks. Preacher Follow up: the fellow in question is Henry Rezac (see footnote 60).

[7] Korean War Atrocities, page iv, references to Anna Wallace's nicknames, as an announcer:
Rice Ball Kate
Rice Bowl Maggie

[8] www.korean-war.com/Archives/2001/03/msg00005.html
I believe you may be referring to "Seoul City Sue," a name take-off on an old popular American song "Sue City Sue." I heard her a couple of times including ...

[9] Lech, Raymond B., Broken Soldiers, ISBN: 0252025415 Index: Wallis, Ann Page 118,119, short bio
Mrs. Suh, Born in Arkansas, moved to Oklahoma, to Korea as missionary. Met husband, returned to US for short visit in '39. Three weeks at POW Camp 12 near Pyongyang on the bank of the Taedong River shortly after it was sited in February, '51. Indoctrination classes for us pows, then back to broadcasting job.

[10] List Of Korean Family Names, Wikipedia.org

[11] Manners, Zeke, song writer and performer, "Sioux City Sue", 1946, http://www.dagmar-anita-binge.de/ccd229-230.htm (mp3 sample)

[12] Mercier, Eugene, "Seoul City Sue", The Graybeards, Vol. 19, No. 6, Page 70, Nov-Dec 2005 PDF (4.4MB). The dates given by the author don't fit with other sources. I'll need to research whether the KBS studios were still in one piece when the UN retook Seoul (the first time, late Sept, 1950) to get an idea if Anna was killed during an airstrike there. Follow-up: based on contemporary stories from the New York Times, it seems the Suhrs were evacuated north after the Marines hit the beach at Inchon. Mr. Mercier was a month off in his recollections, the bombing of the KBS facilities being on Aug 13, 1950.

[13] Mills, Angie and Phoebe White Wentworth, Fair is the Name: The Story of the Shanghai American School, 1912-1950, privately printed by the Shanghai American School Association, McNaughton * Gunn, Saline, MI, 1997. After a couple of hours with this volume immediately after its delivery, I see only one reference to Anna on page 322, in the line-up of the teaching staff for the '45-'46 school year. For the purpose of obtaining a photograph, what would REALLY help is a copy of the school year book (The Columbian) for the class of 1938, 39, 40, or 41.

New York Times:
[14] Aug 09, 1950, Red Broadcaster Dubbed 'Seoul City Sue' by G.I.'s
[15] Aug 14, 1950, Bombers Silence Seoul Radio
[16] Aug 21, 1950, 'Seoul City Sue' to Get Reply From G.I. Radios
[17] Aug 22, 1950, U.N. Forces Firm
[18] Aug 25, 1950, Seoul Voice Identified
[19] Aug 28, 1950, Missionaries Say 'Seoul City Sue' Is Ann Suhr, U.S. Wife of Korean
[20] Oct 04, 1950, Enemy 'Doctored' G.I. Broadcasts

[21] Photo: soldiers "catching up on news from Seoul City Sue", http://www.cacti35th.org/photos/phpslideshow.php?directory=cuthrell&currentPic=7

[22] Wosser, Joseph Lloyd, Lt. (USMC), Transcribed letters re: Seoul City Sue, http://home.inreach.com/tc/page18.html
Sept 9 At sea. Today I had another CAP so it was just another three hours on the parachute. Capt Booker was on Seoul City Sue's program today so he must be OK if they are advertising the fact that he is a POW.

[23] Bissett, Jim. Agrarian Socialism in America: Marx, Jefferson, and Jesus in the Oklahoma Countryside, 1904-1920. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. 1999. Anna likely had her initial exposure to leftist politics in Oklahoma, rather than Korea. The Oklahoma Socialist Party pulled over 30% of Johnston County's voters before the US entered WW I. The book quotes a Democratic Party worker complaining of the elected Socialist office holders, and a major Socialist proprietor in Wapanucka as well. Links to local newspapers from the time of statehood show that a number of other southern Oklahoma townships polled strongly Socialist during this time.

[49] BOOK: Martin, Bradley K, Under The Loving Care Of The Fatherly Leader: N. Korea and the Kim Dynasty, St. Martin's Griffin, ISBN 0312322216, page 76-77, on July 18th, during defence of Taejon, 'Sue' announces that Logan family would never see their husband and father again, after NKA soldiers took the Major's wallet as he played dead.


To Be Reviewed:

[24] Brogdon Township (including Wapanucka town) was and is a somewhat sparsely populated farming area within Johnston County, forested areas having made a significant comeback after the Depression. County population, 2004: 10,440; Population, 1920: 20,125.

[25] Burbunk, Garin, When Farmers Voted Red: The Gospel of Socialism in the Oklahoma Countryside, 1910-1924 (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1976). Available at UH Manoa library.

[26] Carnegie Library books regarding American POWs in Korea.

[27] Clark, Donald N., comp and ed. The Seoul Foreigners' Cemetery at Yanghwajin: An Informal History with Notes on Other Cemeteries in Korea and Individuals and Families in the History of the Foreign Community in Korea. Seoul: Seoul Union Church, 1998.

[28] Clark, Donald, Lecture on the pre-war western community, which is also a book: Living Dangerously in Korea: the Western Experience 1900-1950 (EastBridge, 2003), Available at UH Manoa library., ... and one of his posts to a news group:

The richest archives for Pyongyang as a mission station are to be found at the Presbyterian Historical Society, 425 Lombard Street, in Philadelphia. The records of the Catholic mission in Pyongyang are kept at the Maryknoll archives on the edge of Ossining, New York. These archives are voluminous and give as much detail as anyone could possibly want, not only of the missionary work but also of the Korean church communities.

[29] Choi, Hyaeweol "An American Concubine in Old Korea: Missionary Discourse on Gender, Race, and Modernity"
Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies - Volume 24, Number 3, 2003, pp. 134-161
University of Nebraska Press ... regarding an unpublished novel by Ellasue Canter Wagner, a missionary in Korea familar with Anna. In particular:

Wagner's novel might have been inspired by an actual event in Korea -- an American woman falling in love with a Korean man. In her correspondence dated May 24, 1948, she wrote, "I've forgotten, but of course you remember Allyeu [Wagner's brother-in-law]. I still laugh when I remember how shocked Allyeu was in Seoul at Ann Wallace and her Korean sweetheart. By the way, did you see Ann while you were in Seoul? She evidently has had a pretty tough time, but what could she expect?"

Dr. Choi evidently reviewed Ms. Wagner's archive (including letters) at the Methodist Archives History Center at Drew University

[30] Ingerson, Vera Frances (b. 1890). Papers. 1916-1965. 1.5 ft. http://libweb.uoregon.edu/speccoll/guides/women/mission.html
Vera Frances Ingerson was a Presbyterian mission station nurse in Syenchun, Korea from 1916 to 1942, then a teacher at the Girl's Academy in Syenchun. The collection includes letters, diaries from 1916 and 1965, reports, photos, and mementos. (Ax 516) .... Ms. Ingerson may not be the best reference, as I get the feeling the Presbyterians and Methodists didn't necessarily work in the same towns. However, as I saw in my high school years overseas, expats will tend to find (and talk about) each other.

[31] Korean bibliography, "Suh"
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/misc/korhtml/korbibSubjects131.html
Informs me that "Suh" also transliterated as "So"

[32] Korean Mission Field. v. 2 (1905) - 37 (1941) (Located in Special Collections).
http://web2.ctsnet.edu/ref/periodicals/periodicals.htm
Columbia Theological Seminary
701 Columbia Drive
P.O. Box 520
Decatur, GA 30031
404 378-8821
404 377-9696 (fax)
www.CTSnet.edu

[33] KoreaWeb, North Korea, http://koreaweb.ws/7_dprk.html ... various links regarding or to North Korea.

[34] Laurence, Edna. Papers. 1905-1954. 1 folder.
http://libweb.uoregon.edu/speccoll/guides/women/mission.html
Edna Lawrence was a nurse with the Presbyterian Mission Hospital in Taegu, Korea. The collection includes miscellaneous letters and papers about Presbyterian missions in Korea. (A 205) ... I believe the Methodists missions were primarily in what's now North Korea, far from Taegu.

[35] Methodist Missionary Society ... need to find what their research policy is.

[36] Minnick, Wendell L. Spies and Provocateurs: A Worldwide Encyclopedia of Persons Conducting Espionage and Covert Action, 1946-1991. Jefferson NC: McFarland, 1992. 310 pages. ... a bit of a long shot.

[37] Smith, Lura McLane. (b. 1885) Papers. 1952-1973. 1 folder.
http://libweb.uoregon.edu/speccoll/guides/women/mission.html
Lura McLane Smith was a Presbyterian missionary teacher to Korea. The collection contains material about foreign missionaries in Korea. See also the Roy K. Smith Papers (Ax 706). (A 293)

[38] Terrell, Grace.
http://libweb.uoregon.edu/speccoll/guides/women/mission.html
Letters Received. 1931-1966. 258 letters.
Grace Terrell was a benefactor of Emma W. Wilson, a Methodist missionary in Tientsin, China, and Seoul, Korea, and of several Chinese and Korean students in America. The letters are from the students Terrell helped. (Ax 264)

[39] United Methodist Church, General Board of Global Ministries Country Profiles: Korea http://gbgm-umc.org/country_profiles/index.cfm
There was overt oppression by the Japanese even over the language used in Korea in 1930. To get rid of American missionaries influence in Korean churches, the Japanese replaced all missionaries who were operating schools and churches. Thus the Korean Methodist Church was established in 1930.

In the fall of 1940 missionaries in Korea gathered at the Appenzeller home. These included families of C. A. Sauer, A.R. Appenzeller and H.D. Appenzeller, B. W. Billings, E.M. Cable, A.K. Jensen and C.C. Ament. When incidents of missionaries being falsely accused, arrested and questioned by the Japanese increased in 1940, the missionaries withdrew completely, departing by ship sent by the U.S. government in November 1940.


[40] Wade, James, One Man's Korea (Seoul, 1967), ... skim for possible A. Wallace references.

[41] World II Prisoners of War Data File, 12/7/1941 - 11/19/1946, National Archives At the NARA-AAD, searching for "suh anna" returns Suh, Anna W, Mrs., Civilian, Status Repatriated, Chapei Civilian Assembly Center Shanghai 31-121

[42] Thomas Wallace's grave at the Rose Hill Cemetery? (b. 1860, d. 1932), birth date is 9 years later than the Thomas whos census record I've been following.

[43] Zellers, Larry (b. 1922, d. 2007), In Enemy Hands: A Prisoner in North Korea, University Press of Kentucky, 1999. This citation will probably be deleted. One source (PDF) claims that Mr. Zellers was in some way acquainted with Ms. Suhr. Unfortunately, this book doesn't discuss her. Larry passed after I began compiling this page, which reminds me to get moving if I want to take advantage of authoritative sources.


Citations which may or may not remain:

[44] an email on Rootsweb: http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/SMITH/1996-12/0852067006
[45] PHOTO: Second floor of Chapei center, http://www.captives-of-empire.com/wst_page5.php
[46] PHOTO: The Chapei area near Shanghai was heavily damaged in 1937 during the Sino-Japanese War. http://www.japan-guide.com/a/shanghai/image.html?96
[47] PHOTOs: JODK/KBS facilities, http://museum.kbs.co.kr/exhibition/exhibition04.php
[48] BOOK: Schratz, Paul R, Submarine Commander, Univ. Press of KY, ISBN 0813109884, page 304, on Sept 17th, 'Sue' broacasts mention of USS Pickerel on patrol off Korean coast. (Inchon landings began on the 15th)
[50] BOOK: Thompson, Reginald, Cry Korea, Macdonald, 1951, page 76, The tall block of the Broadcasting Station had disappeard, and Lionel's chances of tracing 'Seoul City Sue', which, he said, would be a 'scoop', seemed remote.
[51] RECORDS: Wapanucka Cemetery, Wapanucka, OK, lists the following graves:
- Wallace, Thomas, 1860 - 1932
- Wallace, Mary Wright, 1863 - 1960
- Wallace, Robert A., 1892 - 1968
- per http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/ok/johnston/cemeteries/wapanuk5.txt
[52] RECORDS: Wapanucka Neighborhood School, Sept 1904
lists the students as Choctaw, which may be valid for Ms. Suhr's family, since mother Mary is listed as born in Oklahoma. So, it's possible that Anna Wallace, age 7, is the later Ms. Suhr. However, I've seen a number of references to native American Wallaces whose roots in what was then the I.T. predate Thomas Wallace's move from Scotland.
For instance, I've seen other obituraries that tie in with this one for Anna Wallace Fowler, who's early life story paralleled Anna Wallace Suhr's rather closely: http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/ok/johnston/obituaries/fowler.txt

While looking through references to Indian Territory schools at the turn of the century, I found the following passage interesting enough that I leave it here as a curiousity. A number of Choctaws held Negro slaves prior to Emancipation, and many of the resulting freedmen remained within the Choctaw Nation. Reference, scroll to "[Page 71]". To this day, the decendants of freedmen and Oklahoma Indian nations tussle over their membership on tribal rolls. Regarding which children could attend Choctaw Schools in the Territory, I have this from the Atoka County Indian Territory newspaper The Indian Citizen - 1899:

"The Atoka agreement expressly prohibits the freedman of the Choctaw nation from participating in the school funds which we control. This makes it impossible for me to assist the colored people of your nation at present.

No provision is made either for the education of the white children of the territory, but wherever practicable, I deem it advisable to bring the children of the whites and the Indians together in the neighborhood schools, and I shall take pleasure in cooperating with the various school boards of the territory in this matter.

Yours truly,
J. D. BENEDICT
Supt. of schools in Indian Territory."

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ok/county/atoka/ITNews06061899.html

[53] BOOK: Johnston County History 1855-1979, Pioneer Multi-County Library, Norman, OK ( Call No. 976.6JO, Reference Section )
[54] EMAIL: Leck, Greg, regarding Anna's time in Shanghai.
[55] BIBLIOGRAPHY: SASChina, which includes...
[56] RESEARCH: delve into the records at archivegrid.org, searching on "Shanghai American School" (including quotes), methodist missionaries korea, etc.
[57] RECORDS: Phoebe White Wentworth Collection of Shanghai American School History, photos, yearbooks, school newspapers, etc: http://webtext.library.yale.edu/xml2html/divinity.132.con.html
[] BOOK: Riley, John W., The Reds take a city; the Communist occupation of Seoul, with eyewitness accounts., New Brunswick, Rutgers University Press [1951], Call # 951.9 R45 - does he discuss the personalities pledging loyalty to the DPRK?
[58] BOOK: Sawyer, Robert K., Military advisors in Korea; KMAG in peace and war, U.S. Govt. Print. Office [1962], Call # r 951.9 U2532m - on the off chance they discuss pre-war personalities in Seoul.
[59] PHOTO: Bando Hotel, Seoul, ROK. Built during the Japanese occupation, housed the US Diplomatic Mission until the NK invasion. http://mishalov.com/korea369/pictures/korea369-56.jpg
[60] WEB SITE: Henry Rezac has been researching Ms. Wallis/Wallace's life for a number of years. Unfortunately, an email to him was returned with a error that his box is full. The text references a NK film from the 1982 that may have included (or referenced) Ms. Wallis. After a bit of on line search, the reviews focused on the currently better known Charles Robert Jenkins. http://www.koreanwar.org/html/newsletter_september_1_2006.html, item #11. Follow up: Henry replied to my email (7/2007), and reports that his project is stalled.
[61] FILM: Nameless Heros, summary, and discussion. Actors include the American defector Charles Jenkins, but rumored to include/reference Ms. Suhr. It's a twenty hour series, mostly in Korean. I'm not sure if I have the will to sit through the whole thing, or go through the hassle needed to obtain it, if I'm not pretty sure it will include either the voice or visage of her. Follow up: If what Mr. Jenkins was told is true, Mrs. Suhr wasn't alive when this mini-series was shot. If she were, she'd have been in her mid-eighties. In any case, his memoir didn't mention her as part of the production.
[62] CENSUS: 1910 and 1920 US census records.
[63] Stocks, Floyd P., Corsairs Over Korea, http://www.scuttlebuttsmallchow.com/stocks5.html, scroll down to "13 August 1950", Radio Seoul threatens captured Marine aviators with death.
[64] The Reluctant Communist, By Charles Robert Jenkins, Jim Frederick, page 115 - refers to her as "Suhr Anna", in the Korean style. After the war, came to be in charge of all English publications for the KCNA. Refers to photo in a 1962 propaganda pamphlet called "Lucky Boy", dining with Abshier. Met her again in 1965 at the "foreigners only" section of the No. 2 Department Store.

Speaking of the Abshier propaganda piece, where to find a copy? Ideas:
The Univ. of Durham's collection: http://www.asiamap.ac.uk/collections/collection.php?ID=7&Query=monograph&Order=0&pp=15&View=0&Level=Child
Or, Jin Yong Seon's museum: http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/05/01/asia/leaflet.php


[] WEBSITE: Christianity In Korea

[] INDEX: check the 1953 Catholic Periodical and Literature Index. Google Books has scanned it, but no text is returned. The copyright holder (or Stanford U's library) probably told Google they couldn't display text fragments. Thanks, guys. With any luck, I can review the passages keyed by Google's term search during a break from the nearby ASI 2009 class reunion.

[] VISIT: During a mainland vacation, summer of 2009, I hope I can negotiate an arrangment to photograph relevent pages from the 1939 SAS yearbook held at:
http://www.thirdstbooks.com/ybother.html
3st Book Exchange
1615 3rd St
(downtown) Marysville WA 98270
has a copy of the 1939 Shanghai American School "The Columbian"
Store owner "Darilee"?

[] VISIT: Prior to a mainland vacation, summer of 2009, I'll attempt to contact the school to see if they or area libraries have c. 1910-1920 high school yearbooks
Wapanucka High School
(580) 937-4288
502 South Choctaw Ave
Wapanucka, OK 73461-0188

[] PHOTOS: http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Chronicles/v012/v012p402.html
includes photos of the Wapanucka Academy (a boarding school) of the Chickasaw Nation, 1852 - 1907, the land sold in 1911. However, I'm pretty sure that this school predated Ms. Suhr's move to Oklahoma. In any case, my gut feel is that she wouldn't have been a boarding student.

[] WEB SITE: http://www.psywarrior.com/NKoreaH.html
former missionary schoolteacher in Korea from 1930-1938


[] BOOK: The Bruce Web: A Genealogical Study of Bruce and Related Families Descending from James Bruce of Virginia, Born 1768
By Thomas Allen Bruce
Compiled by Thomas Allen Bruce
Published by Thomas Allen Bruce, 1984
Original from the University of Wisconsin - Madison
Also available at the Missouri History Museum St Louis, MO 63112
Page 111: As they were ready to return, Wallace had leave cancelled and was ordered to Korea for 18 more months. He was near Seoul when a secret mission was sent into the beleagured [sic] city to rescue "Seoul City Sue". Now, THAT is a story that's coming from 'way out in left field.

[] WEB SITE: http://sextant.cnu.edu/Waltrip.htm This is the first of a number of instances I'm starting to find where this page is being used as a reference by secondary/college students for their reports. Since they include the URL for the instructor to check, that's fine as far as it goes. But, what I'd really like to see is for one of them to take advantage of the fine university system libraries to check the references MY references are citing, for reasons that follow, below.


Items of questionable relevance:

[] WEB SITE: Ancestry.com
Based on passages from my primary references, I searched the 1910, 20, and 30 US Census records provided here for background. Working from an assumed date of birth, I focused on an Anna Wallace, b. 1898 in Arkansas as the likeliest candidate. Subsequently, the obit in footnote [52] and the newspaper and book references below are leading me to wonder if the Oklahoma section of my research is barking up the wrong tree. It doesn't help that there's disagreement as to whether Ms. Suhr is a nee' Wallace or Wallis. It would add interest to her story if she was the granddaughter of a prominent Choctaw, but I'm getting the feeling this is actually the future Mrs. Fowler.

[] http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/ok/johnston/newspapers/wapanucka/news-aug1907.txt
Miss Jennie Wallace, who will leave Friday for Durant where she will enter
school, entertained her friends Monday evening at the beautiful home of her
parents, Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Wallace, east of town. Various games were played,
and a number of young ladies gave piano selections.

[] http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/ok/johnston/newspapers/wapanucka/news-dec1907.txt
At 9 o’clock Tuesday evening, at Bonnie Hill Cottage, the home of the bride’s
parents, Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Wallace, Miss Jeannie Wallace and Mr. G. L.
Snedden, of Coalgate, were united in marriage. Rev. Mosely, of Coalgate,
received the vows that made them man and wife.

[] http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/ok/johnston/newspapers/wapanucka/news-jan1905.txt
T. C. Wallace who has been visiting his aged parents in Scotland for the past
three months, returned home yesterday. His friends are glad to see him back
among them again.

T. C. Wallace, who has just returned from Scotland where he visited his
parents, has many words of praise for the old country. He says that time has
wrough many changes during the 26 years of his absence and that the country is
well improved and the people appear to be getting along well. They have their
problems there just as we do in America, but paupers are never seen. Though
wages are low money appears to be plentiful and everybody getting along well.
Though the weather was very cold and disagreeable his health greatly improved
and his trip afforded him great pleasure and profit.

[] http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/ok/johnston/newspapers/wapanucka/news-nov1905.txt
Some of Mr. O’Neal’s neighbors from Missouri by the name of Wallace have come
in and all secured places.

[] http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/ok/johnston/newspapers/wapanucka/news-aug1906.txt
TOTAL ENROLLMENT OF WAPANUCKA SCHOOL FOR 1905-1906
(including) Wallace, Anna; Wallace, Bobert [sic]; Wallace Nelle; Wallace, Jeannie

[]http://books.google.com/books?id=euEeAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA976&lpg=PA976&dq=wallace+wapanucka&source=web&ots=ism0lIENu4&sig=WjkgRp2EiIu_i4hZjDNCmMN8SGE&hl=en&ei=Qw6MSY-mKpGksQOz8dj5CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=6&ct=result
Mrs. Mary Wallace of Wapanucka, Daughter of Allen Wright, a Choctaw preacher. Mr. Wright married an Ohio woman soon after his 1852 college graduation. For photo of Mr. Wright, see:
http://books.google.com/books?id=WmQgh7i-LdQC&pg=PA407&dq=Handbook+of+American+Indians+North+of+Mexico#PPA288,M1